||PIERS2009 in Beijing -- Locale and Hotel
Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi Province, is the political,
economic and cultural center of Northwest China. As one of six ancient Chinese
capitals, Xi'an is best known for its ancient historical ruins, museums, cultural
relics, and archaeology.
Address: 2 Hu Zhu Road, Xi'an, China
Jianguo Hotel is a famous hotel brand in China,
managed by Jianguo Hotels & Resorts. It is nicely located in one of the
ancient capitals of China, attracting numerous international and domestic guests.
Refurnished and reopened in March 2009, the Jianguo Hotel Xian is within forty-five
minutes of driving distance from the Xian Xianyang International Airport. The
hote is just five minutes from the East Gate and is situated just outside the
boundary of the city wall.
Pick-up service by Jianguo Hotel
There will be pick-up service(CNY25) by Jianguo Hotel every hour (9:00-18:00)
during March 21-23 at the Xi'an airport, if you lodge at Jianguo Hotel. If you
need this pick-up service, please download the pick-up service reservation
PDF) and email or fax to the hotel.
The modern hotel rooms are equipped with an array of modern conveniences, including
safe deposit box, satellite/cable television and internet access (complimentary).
Photos (taken by PIERS OFFCE on March 29th, 2009)
in PIERS Group Rates
credit card guarantee for Jianguo Hotel will be available. Lodging expense
will be paid in the hotel check-in desk ONLY. No-show without cancellation
14 days prior to arrival will be charged for a one-day room rate.
- Hotel Reservation Form can be also directly sent to the
hotel via Email or FAX.
All guests are advised to book early before February
10, 2010 in this spring season. After this date, special group
rate is no longer guaranteeed. The number of rooms reserved is limited.
Room availability is on first-come first-serve basis.
- Any inquiry about hotel reservation, please directly contact the hotel manager
via EMAIL or FAX.
Contact Person: Ms. Susie Zhang (Reservation Manager), Email:
email@example.com , FAX:
- Please feel free to contact PIERS OFFICE, if you have any
problem in hotel reservation.
Xianyang International Airport >> Jianguo
- Take Taxi (about 60 minutes, CNY150) >> Jianguo Hotel
- Take Airport Bus No. 1 (about 60 minutes, CNY25, 6:00--20:00)
>> Bell Tower >>>
>> Take Taxi (about 15 minutes, CNY15, 5km) >> Jianguo Hotel Xi'an
- Pick-up service(CNY25) by Jianguo Hotel every hour (9:00-18:00) during March
21-23 at the airport, if you make hotel reservation at Jianguo Hotel. If you
need this pick-up service, please download the pick-up service reservation
PDF) and email or fax to the hotel.
Contact Person: Ms. Susie Zhang (Reservation Manager), Email:
firstname.lastname@example.org , FAX:
- Special pick-up service(CNY320) for Airport to Jianguo Hotel, please directly
contact Ms. Susie Zhang, via email: email@example.com.
Tour Program for PIERS
Xi'an is one of China's eight ancient national capitals . It
served as China’s capital for ten dynasties, spread intermittently over a 1,100
year period from 221 BC. This was the significant year when the first Chinese
emperor, Qin Shihuang, united China for the first time. China derives its name
from Emperor Qin. Xian is the capital of Shaanxi province, located in the southern
part of the Guanzhong Plain. With the Qinling Mountains to the south and the
Weihe River to the north, it is in a favorable geographical location surrounded
by water and hills. It has a semi-moist monsoon climate and there is a clear
distinction between the four seasons. Except the colder winter, any season is
relatively suitable for traveling. Xi'an was the starting point of the ancient
Silk Road that extended from Asia to Europe and played an important role in
cultural exchange between the East and West in ancient times.
As one of the birthplaces of the ancient civilization in the
Yellow River Basin area of the country, Xian also enjoys equal fame with Athens,
Cairo, and Rome as one of the four major ancient civilization capitals in the
World. Xi’an’s main tourist attractions include: The Terracotta Warriors and
Horses, The Ancient City Wall, The Big Wild Goose Pagoda, The Small Wild Goose
Pagoda, Huaqing Hot Springs, Banpo Neolithic Village Museum, The Forest of Steles
, The Great Mosque, Qianling Mausoleum and Famen Temple, Huashan Mountain, Huangdi's
Mausoleum and etc.
Xi'an cuisine has a good, hearty style that should never let
you leave the table hungry. Noodles and Dumplings are the staples of the local
food and these are almost always filling and warming. Your interesting culinary
experience in Xian is to taste the dumplings that offers up to 108 different
kinds. Yangrou Paomo is also a tasty Xi'an specialty that consists of a mutton
soup served with the steamed bun. The hard bread is broken up and steeped in
the soup. Then the mixture is eaten along with pickled garlic cloves. It is
a great pleasure of visiting Xi'an to taste the local delicacies of Xi'an.
The Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show, a wonderful performance
of the ancient music and dance, is a must when you visit Xian. The city, which
was formerly known as Chang'an has a very long history, and was the imperial
capital during 13 dynastic periods. Of these, the Tang Dynasty (618 - 907) was
the most prosperous and glorious of all. The Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show
is an outstanding exponent of this ancient stable and prosperous society, keeping
alive its splendid culture and providing an insight into the peaceful life style
of the period.
Adapted from a famous poem wirten by Bai Juyi, a great poet in Tang Dynasty,
the show of " the Song of Everlasting Sorrow" describe the tragical
love story between Tang Ming Emperor (Tang Xuan Zong) and Yang Guifei (Lady
Yang). "In cold spring months, Lady Yang was granted to take baths at the
Huaqing Hot Spring together with the emperor. Her peach cream body gently touched
by the smooth hot spring"; "The drum in Yuyang which indicated a rebellion
startled the Music of Nishang Yuyi"......
Xi'an is a good place to do some fantastic Chinese souvenir
shopping, especially for cultural items. Some excellent offerings specific to
Xi'an include: Chinese calligraphy rubbings, Tang pottery replicas, Terracotta
Warrior replicas, Folk paintings, Folk paper cuttings and Green porcelain. One
of the most interesting place to buy these souvenirs is the shopping street
beside the Great Mosque, where you will be able to find variety of good stuff
at a reasonable price. However, you had better to practise your oriental patience
and bargain befor going there.
The Terracotta Warriors and Horses
The world-famous Qin Terra Cotta Army Museum is a site museum
in China. Built on the site of the terra-cotta warriors and horses pits in the
Emperor Qin's Mausoleum, the museum is located at the northern piedmont of Lishan
Mountain 7.5 kilometers east of Lingtong County in Shaanxi Province and 37.5
kilometers west of Xi'an City.
In March 1974, a group of peasants digging a well made what
was to become the greatest archaeological find of the 20th century when they
unearthed fragments of a life-sized Terra Cotta Warrior. Excavation of the vault
revealed thousands of terra-cotta warriors and their horses, an entire army
designed to follow its emperor into eternity. The emperor's terra cotta army
was found in three underground timber lined vaults.
The museum, a hangar-like building constructed over Pit 1,
place of the original discovery in 1974, was opened to the public in 1979. The
exhibition hall of Pit 3 was built in 1987 and opened to the public in 1989.
Later in October 1994, Pit 2 was opened to the public. Three main buildings
of the museum, which were named Pit 1, Pit 2 and Pit 3, were constructed on
their original sites.
The museum covers an area of 190,000 square meters. Among all, Pit 1 has an
area of 14,000 square meters for exhibition halls and Pit 3, 1,200 square meters,
and the exhibition hall of copper vehicles and horses and the auxiliary exhibition
hall cover over 600 square meters each. Pit 1 contained chariots and ranks of
six thousand soldiers. Pit 2 held fourteen hundred figures of cavalrymen, horses
and infantrymen, along with ninety wooden chariots. Pit 3 contained about seventy
figures. Excavating them has been a massive undertaking.
The Ancient City Wall
Xian City Wall was constructed in the early Ming Dynasty on
the basis of the Imperial City of Chang An (Everlasting Peace) of the Tang Dynasty.
It is also a symbol of great significance of the famous historic cultural city
of Xian. One of the features of the Xian Wall lies in the fact that it has been
preserved intact, which is rarely seen in the world. The construction of the
Xian City was formally started in the seventh year of Emperor Hongwu's reign
(1374) and completed in the eleventh year of Hongwu's reign (1378). The rectangular
city wall is 13.7 kilometers in circumference and has 5,984 crenels and 98 places
for the garriosn troops to stay in.
The City Wall has corner towers, ramparts, sentry towers,
gate towers, battlements and a a number of city defensive fortifications with
very strong defense capability. The inner city was once the living place of
the King of Qin. It was constructed on the high land in the northeastern area
of the city. There the whole city were under control by its advantage of high
position. Two continuous walls and a protective moat surrounded the residence.
The principal part of the architectural complex was constructed in the light
of the traditional pattern of "Palace in the front and bedchamber at the
back". There is a suspense bridge in front of the gate. Raising the bridge
means, the way to enter the city or go out are cut out. In the Ming Dynasty
the fort had become an grand and precise defense system and now is still a better
ancient fort kept intact than any other.
After consistent repair and protection, the Xian City Wall
now offers a good combination of the city wall, city moats, forest belt and
city ring-routes. In early years, those ancient walls regarded as the obstacle
to the modernization of the city, but now it is the pride, which offers great
honor to the old city.
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda or Big Wild Goose Pagoda, is a Buddhist
pagoda located in southern Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China. It was built in 652
during the Tang Dynasty and originally had five stories, although the structure
was rebuilt in 704 during the reign of Empress Wu Zetian and its exterior brick
facade renovated during the Ming Dynasty. One of the pagoda's many functions
was to hold sutras and figurines of the Buddha that were brought to China from
India by the Buddhist translator and traveller Xuanzang.
The original pagoda was built during the reign of Emperor Gaozong
of Tang (r. 649-683), then standing at a height of 54 m (177 ft). However, this
construction of rammed earth with a stone exterior facade eventually collapsed
five decades later. The ruling Empress Wu Zetian had the pagoda rebuilt and
added five new stories by the year 704 AD. However, a massive earthquake in
1556 heavily damaged the pagoda and reduced it by three stories, to its current
height of seven stories.The entire structure leans very perceptibly (several
degrees) to the west. Its related structure, the 8th century Small Wild Goose
Pagoda in Xi'an, only suffered minor damage in the 1556 earthquake (still unrepaired
to this day). The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda was extensively repaired during the
Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) and renovated again in 1964. The pagoda currently stands
at a height of 64 m (210 ft) tall and from the top it offers views over the
current city of Xi'an.
During the Tang Dynasty the pagoda was located within the grounds of a monastery,
within a walled ward of the larger southeastern sector of the city, then known
as Chang'an.The monastic grounds around the pagoda during the Tang Dynasty had
ten courtyards and a total of 1,897 bays. In those days graduate students of
the Advanced Scholars examination in Chang'an inscribed their names at this
monastery. Close by the pagoda is the Temple of Great Maternal Grace; Da Ci'en.
This temple was originally built in AD 589 and then rebuilt AD 647 in memory
of his mother Empress Wende by Li Zhi who later became the Tang Emperor Gaozong.
Banpo Neolithic Village Museum
The Banpo Site is a typical Neolithic matriarchal community
of the Yangshao Culture dating back about 6,000 years. At that time, the Banpo
people used tools made primarily of wood and stone. Women, the crucial labor
force, were responsible for making pottery, spinning, and raising the family,
while men fished.
The approximately 4,500 square meters (about 1 acre) exhibit area of Banpo Museum
is divided into two Exhibition Halls and a Site Hall.
The first Exhibition Hall is about the unearthed relic exhibitions consisting
of the First Hall and the Second Hall. The showpieces in this two halls are
primarily production tools and domestic tools used by the primitive Banpo people,
including axes, chisels, sickles, and stone and pottery knives from which we
can have a general picture of the production activities of the Banpo people
thousands of years ago. In addition, artwork and adornments here reflect the
social life, culture, art and inventions of the period.
The second Exhibition Hall is primarily used for auxiliary exhibitions and it
contains two halls. Special shows are held here on ethnology, folklore and the
history of art related to the prehistoric culture.
The Site Hall is about 3,000 square meters (about 0.7 acre) and contains residential,
pottery making and burial section. And among the three, the residential section
is the main part of the site, including the huts, kilns and tombs of the primitive
residents. All these present us an outlook of the aboriginal village and the
hard situations of the forefathers in pursuing the civilization, reflecting
the production level and the social systems at that period of time.
The Banpo Matriarchal Clan Community Village is an extension of the museum based
on archeological findings. The entire village enriches the cultural connotation
of the museum and carries forward the long and splendid history of China at
the same time.
The Forest of Steles
Situated at the site of the Confucian Temple in Sanxue Street,
Xi'an, the Museum of Forest of Stone Tablets is a courtyard-styled structure.
It covers an area of 30000 square meters. Steles are huge stone slabs which
depict important calligraphic writing, often dating back to ancient times. They
are held in high regard in China and many people study the artistry of these
Xi'an Forest of Stone Tablets was originally set up in 1087. It is an art tablets
in China. These pieces of art are works from the Han Dynasty through to the
Qing Dynasty, including over 1000 memorial tablets forming the Forest of Stone
Tablets. It is not only a treasure house of ancient Chinese calligraphy, but
also a rich collection of China's historical documents and records and stone
carving patterns. These tablets records a part of the great achievements of
Chinese culture and can reveal to us the truth of the cultural exchanges between
China and other countries.
Huaqing Hot Springs
Huaqing Hot Spring is one of famous hot springs in China which
situated at the northern foot of Mt. Lishan in Lintong County, 30 kilometers
(18.6 miles) from Xian City. Historically, the Western Zhou dynasty made the
construction of the Li Palace on the spot. In the Qin dynasty a pool was built
with stones, and was given the name Lishan Tang (the Lishan Hot Spring). The
site was extended into a palace in the Han dynasty, and renamed the Li Palace
(the Resort Palace). In the Tang dynasty, Li Shimin (Emperor Tai Zong) ordered
to construct the Hot Spring Palace, and Emperor Xuan Zong had a walled palace
built around Lishan Mountain and finished in the year of 747. It was known as
the Huaqing Palace. It also had the name Huaqing Pool on account of its location
on the hot springs.
There are four hot springs in the Huaqing Pool. The water is so clear that you
can see down to the bottom. With an even temperature of 43 degree (109 F), the
ever-flowing water of the hot spring contains minerals and organic materials
that have therapeutic effects on the skin. There are over one hundred bath pools
with the total area of 3,000 square meters, which contain 400 persons bathing
at one time.
The Qianling Mausoleum is located in the Beiliang Mountain
of the Qian County in Shaanxi Province.
The Qianling Mausoleum is the joint tomb of Emperor Gaozong (Li Zhi) and Empress
Wu Zetian of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The mausoleum was built in line with
the landform of the mountain 1,047 meters above sea level. From 1958 to 1960,
the Cultural Relics Management Committee in Shaanxi Province made an archaeological
research into the tomb.
The mausoleum is divided into the inner city and outer city; the tomb is located
in the mountainside of Liangshan Mountain in the center of the inner city. In
the south of the mausoleum, there are three gates. The border of the inner city
is square with 1,450 meters in length. The wall of the city is built of earth.
In front of each gate there are three watchtowers: one big and two small. Large-scale
carved stone groups stand in the mausoleum between the second and the third
gate. There are ornamental columns, winged beasts, ostriches, saddled horses
led by grooms, unlettered monument, holy merit recording monument and 61 human
statues, totaling more than 100 pieces.
The Qianling Mausoleum consists of the tomb path and the coffin chamber. The
slope tomb path is 63m in length, 3.9m in width, and 19.5m in depth. They are
all built of flagstones. There are 39 steps from the entrance of the tomb path
to the tomb door. The flagstone in each step, 0.5m in thickness, is embed and
reinforced by iron chains filled with white iron, and is really solid. The earthen
step is upon the flagstone step. This kind of construction matches with the
recordation in the New Tang Book, saying The Qianling Mausoleum has watchtowers
and stone gates, with all gaps reinforced by metal. Historical records also
describe the abundance of the funerary objects in the tomb.
In the southeast of the Qianling Mausoleum there is a group of satellite tombs
scattering around. It has a wide coverage with the circumference of about 40
km. They are all the tombs of the royal relatives and the important ministers
in the court. According to the recordation of General History of Shaanxi Province,
these tombs include the tombs of Prince Zhanghuai, Prince Yide, King Ze (Shangjin),
King Xu (Sujie), King Fen (Shouli), Princess Yiyang, Princess Xindu, Princess
Yongtai, Princess Anxing, King Tejin (Jishan), Li Jinxing, Liu Shenli, Xue Yuanchao,
Di Renjie and so on. From 1960 to 1972, the Cultural Relics Management Committee
of Shaanxi Province excavated five tombs, including the tombs of Princess Yongtai,
Prince Zhanghuai, Prince Yide, Li Jinxing and Xue Yuanchao.
Huashan Mountain is located in Huayin County, Shaanxi province.
It is the Western Mountain of the Five Sacred Mountains. It is second highest
to the Northern Mountain -- Hengshan Mountain and praised as "the First
Odd Mountain in the World". Its craggedness is superior to the other four
Huashan Mountain boasts five imposing peaks with sheer precipices and overhanging
rocks: the east one is called the Peak of the Rising Sun which is the best location
to view sunrising; the north one, the Peak of Cloud Terrace which is famous
for cliffs on its three sides; the west one, the peak of Lotus; the south one,
the Peak of Wild Geese which is the main peak and also the steepest of Huashan
Mountain with an elevation of 2,083 meters; and the Central one, the Peak of
the Jade Maiden, which links the east, west and south peaks. Each presents a
unique scenic beauty, surrounded by over 70 minor peaks. Places of historical
interest and scenic spots: towers, caves, stone steps, temples and pavilions
can be found everywhere. The cloud-enshrouded cliff path, the sculptured rocky
cliff, the floating-in-the-air Somersault Cliff, the cliff-excavated Thousand-Foot
Precipice with 370-odd stone steps, the Hundred-Foot Valley, the Laojun's Furrow
with 570-odd stone steps, the Ear-Touching Cliff, the Up-the-Heaven's Ladder
and so on, are all marvelous views of precipitous and perilous cliff paths.
In ancient times, many emperors came here to make sacrifices to their ancestors,
and celebrities visited Huashan Mountain leaving quite a lot of stone inscriptions
of poems. Huashan Mountain has many places of historic interest and scenic beauty,
as well as many fantastic and legendary stories. Its fascination lasts forever.
Huangdi, with his family name Gongsun and given name Xuanyuan,
is the first humanistic ancestor to create civilization and lay the foundation
of Chinese nationality. “Shihchi”carries: Huangdi collapses, buries the bridge
mountain. Qiao Mountain became the resting place of him. Huangdi Mausoleum is
located on the top of Qiao Mountain in Huangling County, Shaanxi Province, 162km
south of Yan’an and 165km north of Xi’an, with the direct expressway available.
It was designated by the State Council as one of China’s foremost protected
monuments in 1961; the No.1 ancient tomb and is regarded as “No.1 Mausoleum
in China”; one of the first national famous scenic sites; among the first national
bases of education in patriotism; and also as a national “AAAAA” tourist attraction.
As the home of Scarified culture of Huangdi, sacrificial ceremony in Huangdi
Mausoleum has been designated as the intangible cultural heritage Qiao Mountain,
circled by the Ju River and rich in soil, in which there exist 80,000 aged cypresses,
over 30,000 among which are more than 1000 years, forming the largest aged cypress
group. And there is the Xuanyuan Temple at the east foot of Qiao Mountain. The
sacrificial activities have been lasting for thousands of years. Huangdi Mausoleum
has become the holy place for the Chinese to memorize the merits and virtues
of their ancestors and express the ethnic feelings.